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Asian faiths: culture, religion and


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Syllabus

Syllabus for Independent Study on

ASIAN FAITHS: CULTURE, RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY

 

METHODOLOGY

Read key texts on Buddhism, both from scholarly analyzes and sacred texts. Evaluate learning by producing a paper and an annotated bibliography.

 

OBJECTIVES

Seek understanding on classical teachings and philosophies in various historical schools and contemporary societies of Asian Religions. Choice between the study of Hinduism and Buddhism

 

Chosen Topic: Buddhism

OUTLINE

HISTORY

Vedic Religion and Sramanas Movement

Gautama Buddha

Early Buddhist doctrinal teachings in their religious context

The Buddhist community and monasticism,

Councils

Ashoka, the Great and Maurya Empire

Expansion

Decline in India

Theravada Renaissance

Worldwide Religion

Southeast Asia

China

Japan

India

Nepal and Bhutan

Sri Lanka

Tibet

Western Countries

Branches

Theravada

Mahayana

Vajrayana

Schools and Sects

Nikaya schools

Nichiren Buddhism

Pure Land Buddhism

Zen

Soka Gakkai

Lamaism

Shingon

Madhyamaka

B. R. Ambedkar & Indian Dalit Buddhism

 

DOCTRINE

Worldview

Three marks of existence: Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta

Skandha

Cosmology

Samsara & Rebirth

 Dharma

Dependent Origination: Paticca-samuppada

Karma

Non-Theism

 

Liberation from existence

Moksa

Nirvana

Four Noble Truths

The Nature of Suffering -Dukkha

Suffering's Origin - Samudaya

Suffering's Cessation - Nirodha

The Way Leading to the Cessation of Suffering - Marga

Noble Eightfold Path

Wisdom (Pali: pañña)

1. Right view

2. Right intention

Ethical conduct (Pa: s?la)

3. Right speech

4. Right action

5. Right livelihood

Mental discipline (Pali: sam?dhi)

6. Right effort

7. Right mindfulness

8. Right concentration

Buddhist Precepts

      Five Precepts

Refrain from taking life.

Refrain from taking that which is not freely given (stealing).

Refrain from sexual misconduct (improper sexual behavior).

Refrain from lying and deceiving.

Refrain from intoxicants which lead to loss of mindfulness.

Eight Precepts

Ten Precepts

Patimokkha

Mahayana Precepts

Three Jewels: Buddha, Dharma, Sangha

 

Practices and Attainment

Buddhahood

Bodhisattva

Four Stages of Enlightenment

Paramitas

Meditation

Laity

Threefold training: Sila, Samadhi, Panna

 

Texts

Pali Canon

Mahayana Sutras

Tibetan Canon

Lotus Sutra

 


 


REFERENCES

·         Carrithers, Michael .The Buddha. Oxford University Press, 1986

·         Conze, Edward trans., Buddhist Scriptures Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1959

·         Mitchell, Donald W. Buddhism: Introducing the Buddhist Experience. NY: Oxford University Press, 2002.

·         De Bary, William T. The Buddhist Tradition in India, China and Japan. New York: Vintage, 1972

·         Harvey, Peter. An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices. NY:  Cambridge University Press, 1990.

·         Rahula, Walpola. What the Buddha Taught. Oneworld Publications: Oxford, 1959 (rev 1974).

·         Robinson, Richard H & Johnson, Willard L. ed. The Buddhist Religion: An Historical Introduction. Belmont, CA.: Wadsworth Publishing Company 4th ed. 1997

·         Watson, Burton, trans. The Essential Lotus: Selections from the Lotus Sutra. NY: Columbia University Press, 2002.

 

SITES

http://www.buddhistinformation.com/links.htm

http://www.buddhanet.net

http://www.ciolek.com/WWWVL-Buddhism.html


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